تبیین اخلاق کار ایرانیان به مثابه نقشه راه بیانیه گام دوم انقلاب

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هئیت علمی گروه تاریخ و جامعه‌شناسی دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، تبریز، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکترای جامعه شناسی فرهنگی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد رشته مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران.

چکیده

اخلاق کار همان اخلاق شغلی، مسئولیت اخلاقی فرد از حیث شغلی در سازمان مربوطه است که دارای ویژگی‌هایی چون سخت‌کوشی، ارج نهادن به کار و تلاش، روحیه همکاری و مشارکت در کار، تعلق و تعهد به کار و وظایف شغلی، مسئولیت‌پذیری، صرفه‌جویی در بهره‌گیری از منابع، خلاقیت و ابتکار عمل داشتن، خودگردانی و تسلط به کار، نظم و دقت در کار، وقت‌شناسی و خوش‌قول بودن، درستکاری و پرهیز از تقلب و فریب و مفاسد اقتصادی است. جامعه ایرانی در مقایسه با جامعه جهانی، با مسائل اقتصادی، بی‌ثباتی، گرانی، تورم، فضای کسب ‌وکار و شکاف طبقاتی مواجه است. این مسائل بیشتر به عوامل فرهنگی درونی از جمله اخلاق برمی‌گردد. مقاله حاضر درصدد مطالعه ریشه‌های عوامل مؤثر بر اخلاق کار در جامعه ایرانی است که با روش پیمایش انجام‌گرفته است. جامعه آماری مطالعه شامل 38 مورد تحقیق می‌باشد که 21 مورد به روش تعمدی با رعایت اعتبار تحقیق و کیفیت نشر و نویسندگان انتخاب شدند. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که سطح اخلاق کار در سه سطح بالا (۳۱ درصد)، متوسط (۱۵ درصد) و پایین (۵۴ درصد) قرار دارد و به‌طورکلی سطح اخلاق کاری در ایران پایین است. همچنین، بین عوامل شغلی، روانی، دین‌داری، تعهد، سازمانی، حکمرانی، عدالت و سرمایه اجتماعی با اخلاق کار رابطه معناداری وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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