تبیین اخلاق کار ایرانیان به مثابه نقشه راه بیانیه گام دوم انقلاب

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هئیت علمی گروه تاریخ و جامعه‌شناسی دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، تبریز، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکترای جامعه شناسی فرهنگی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد رشته مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران.

چکیده

اخلاق کار همان اخلاق شغلی، مسئولیت اخلاقی فرد از حیث شغلی در سازمان مربوطه است که دارای ویژگی‌هایی چون سخت‌کوشی، ارج نهادن به کار و تلاش، روحیه همکاری و مشارکت در کار، تعلق و تعهد به کار و وظایف شغلی، مسئولیت‌پذیری، صرفه‌جویی در بهره‌گیری از منابع، خلاقیت و ابتکار عمل داشتن، خودگردانی و تسلط به کار، نظم و دقت در کار، وقت‌شناسی و خوش‌قول بودن، درستکاری و پرهیز از تقلب و فریب و مفاسد اقتصادی است. جامعه ایرانی در مقایسه با جامعه جهانی، با مسائل اقتصادی، بی‌ثباتی، گرانی، تورم، فضای کسب ‌وکار و شکاف طبقاتی مواجه است. این مسائل بیشتر به عوامل فرهنگی درونی از جمله اخلاق برمی‌گردد. مقاله حاضر درصدد مطالعه ریشه‌های عوامل مؤثر بر اخلاق کار در جامعه ایرانی است که با روش پیمایش انجام‌گرفته است. جامعه آماری مطالعه شامل 38 مورد تحقیق می‌باشد که 21 مورد به روش تعمدی با رعایت اعتبار تحقیق و کیفیت نشر و نویسندگان انتخاب شدند. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که سطح اخلاق کار در سه سطح بالا (۳۱ درصد)، متوسط (۱۵ درصد) و پایین (۵۴ درصد) قرار دارد و به‌طورکلی سطح اخلاق کاری در ایران پایین است. همچنین، بین عوامل شغلی، روانی، دین‌داری، تعهد، سازمانی، حکمرانی، عدالت و سرمایه اجتماعی با اخلاق کار رابطه معناداری وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Explaining work ethic among Iranians as a roadmap for the declaration of the second step of the revolution

نویسندگان [English]

  • Taha Ashayeri 1
  • Tahereh Jahanparvar 2
  • Seyed Kazem Kazemi 3
1 Associate Professor, Faculty member, Department of History and Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Tabriz, Iran.
2 PhD student in Cultural Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.
3 Master of Educational Management, Kashan University, Kashan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Work ethic is a person's moral responsibility in terms of job in the organization, which has characteristics such as: hard work, respect for work and effort, spirit of cooperation and participation in work, belonging and commitment to work and job duties, responsibility, saving resources, Creativity and initiative, self-control and mastery of work, order and accuracy in work, punctuality and cheerfulness, honesty and avoidance of fraud and economic corruption. Compared to the international community, Iranian society faces economic problems, instability, high prices, high inflation, and class divisions. These issues are mostly related to internal cultural factors such as ethics. The present article seeks to study the roots of the factors affecting work ethic in Iranian society, which has been done by survey method. The statistical population of the study includes 38 cases, 21 of which were deliberately selected by observing the validity of the research and the quality of the publication and the authors. The results of this study show that the level of work ethic is at three levels high (31%), medium (15%) and low (54%) and in general, the level of work ethic in Iran is low. Also, there is a significant relationship between job, psychological, religious, commitment, organizational, governance, justice and social capital factors with work ethic.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • work ethic
  • Social trust
  • Governance
  • collective spirit
  • job participation
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